The farm is blessed with deep well drained
soils of moderate fertility. The land is
relatively flat with less than 2% slopes. The
soils are sandy loam. The 2 major soil types
are known as Sassafras sandy loam and
Woodstown sandy loam.

Small stones and gravel of varying amount
exist throughout the vineyard. The soils in
some areas are similar to those found in
Bordeaux (Graves in particular).

We adjust soil pH prior to initial planting and
maintain it at appropriate levels subsequently.
We regularly monitor vine growth and obtain
soil and petiole analysis. Surprisingly little
nitrogen or other nutrients are required for
healthy but not too vigorous growth.